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Healthy Start: Pregnancy 101

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  1. Before we started...

    Initial Appointment Checklist
    11 Topics
  2. First Trimester
    Initial Checklist Before First Appointment
    9 Topics
  3. 1.1 Adapting to the First Trimester
  4. 1.2 Your 1st Trimester Changes
  5. 1.3 Common Questions 1
  6. 1.4 Common Questions 2
  7. 1.5 What is Domestic Abuse?
  8. Healthy Habits
    2.1 Healthy Eating Habits
  9. 2.2 Nutrition during Pregnancy
  10. 2.3 Planning your Exercise Routine
  11. 2.4 How Smoking Affect Pregnancy
  12. 2.5 Quit Smoking during Pregnancy
  13. 2.6 Sex and Pregnancy - During
  14. 2.7 Skincare during Pregnancy
  15. Prenatal Visits, Tests and More
    3.1 Pre-Natal Care
  16. 3.2 Your Weight
  17. 3.3 Gestational Diabetes
  18. 3.4 Kicks Count
  19. 3.5 Placenta Previa
  20. 3.6 Preclampsia
  21. 3.7 Anemia
  22. 3.8 Blood Glucose
  23. 3.9 RH Negative Screening
  24. 2nd Trimester and Body Changes
    4.0 Second Trimester Checklist
    10 Topics
  25. 4.1 Adapting to 2nd Trimester
  26. 4.2 Your Second Trimester Changes
  27. 4.3 Back Pain during Pregnancy
  28. 4.4 Body Changes During Pregnancy
  29. 3rd Trimester, Comfort Tips and Relieving Back Pain
    Third Trimester Checklist
    12 Topics
  30. 5.1 Adapting to 3rd Trimester
  31. 5.2 Your Third Trimester Changes
  32. 5.3 Comfort Tips
  33. 5.4 Relieving Back Pain during Pregnancy - Moving Safely
  34. 5.5 Relieving Back Pain during Pregnancy - Pelvic Tilt and leg lift
  35. 5.6 Relieving Back Pain during Pregnancy - Positioning Yourself
  36. 5.7 Relieving Back Pain during Pregnancy - Tailor Sit and Trunk Turn
  37. 5.8 Relieving Back Pain during Pregnancy - Wall Stretch & Body Bend
  38. Infant Nutrition and Care
    6.1 Labor and Childbirth - Thinking about a Birth Plan
  39. 6.2 Labor and Childbirth - Support Person Notes
  40. 6.3 Vaginal Birth
  41. 6.4 Vaginal Birth after Cesarian
  42. 6.5 Breech Presentation
  43. 6.6 Cesarean Birth
  44. 6.7 - Before Cesarean Birth
  45. 6.8 Pre-Term Labor
  46. 6.9 Labor and Childbirth - Your Body Prepares
  47. 6.10 Recognizing Labor
  48. 6.11 Preparing for the Hospital
  49. 6.12 - Stages of Labor
  50. 6.13 Induction of Labor
  51. 6.14 Anesthesia Options
  52. 6.15 Labor and Childbirth - Without Medication
  53. 6.16 Labor and Childbirth - Immediately After Birth
  54. 6.17 Preparing to Go Home
  55. 6.18 Understanding Post Partem Depression
  56. Labor, Birth and Aftercare
    7.1 Infant Nutrition and Care
  57. 7.2 Caring for Yourself
  58. 7.3 Anatomy and Breastfeeding
  59. 7.4 Benefits to Breastfeeding
  60. 7.5 Breastfeeding - Common Questions
  61. 7.6 Holds for Breastfeeding
  62. 7.7 Nutrition While Breastfeeding
  63. 7.8 Breastmilk - Expressing
  64. 7.9 Breastmilk - Storing
  65. 7.10 How to Bottlefeed
  66. 7.11 Circumsion Care
  67. 7.12 How to Diaper
  68. 7.13 Bathing Newborn
  69. 7.14 Laying Baby Down to Sleep
  70. 7.15 When to Call the Doctor
  71. 7.16 Umbilical Cord Care
  72. 7.17 Signs of Jaundice
  73. Infant Safety
    8.1 Infant Safety
  74. 8.2 Choosing a Carseat
  75. 8.3 Car Seat Installation
  76. 8.4 Car Safety for Newborns
  77. 8.5 Car Seat Safety Checklist
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7.3 Anatomy and Breastfeeding

It is common for a woman’s breasts to swell and feel heavier during pregnancy. This is due to the increased blood flow and swelling of the connective tissue in the breast. The areola (the dark area around the nipple) may also become larger and darker. These changes are all normal and will usually resolve after childbirth.

After the baby is born, the mother’s body will begin to produce milk. The milk is produced in the alveoli (milk-producing glands) and is stored in the breast. When the baby suckles at the breast, the milk is released from the alveoli and flows through the ducts to the nipple.

It is important to note that there are two types of breast tissue: glandular and adipose (fatty). Glandular tissue is the milk-producing tissue, while adipose tissue is the fatty tissue. The ratio of these two types of tissue varies from woman to woman.

When a mother is pregnant, her breasts will typically increase in size due to the increased amount of adipose tissue. After childbirth, the glandular tissue will increase in size as the milk-producing glands grow. The fatty tissue will also reduce in size, but may not return to its pre-pregnancy levels.

It is normal for a mother’s breasts to change in size and shape during pregnancy and after childbirth. These changes are due to the increased amount of glandular and adipose tissue in the breasts.

The best way to support your breasts during pregnancy and after childbirth is to wear a well-fitting, supportive bra. It is also important to avoid tight clothing that constricts the breasts.

When breastfeeding, it is important to position the baby correctly at the breast. The baby’s nose should be level with the nipple, and the lips should be turned outwards (flanged). This position will help the baby to latch on correctly and prevent nipple soreness.

It is also important to support your breast during breastfeeding. You can do this by placing your hand on your breast, just behind the areola.

After childbirth, it is common for a mother’s breasts to leak milk. This is due to the increased blood flow and hormone levels in the body. Leaking is most likely to occur when the baby is hungry or when the breast is stimulated (for example, by clothing).

To prevent leaking, it is important to wear a well-fitting, supportive bra. You can also try using breast shells or pads to absorb the leaking milk.

If you are concerned about your breasts or have any questions, please speak to your healthcare provider.