Hepatitis E is a viral infection that affects the liver.
It is usually a mild and self-limited illness, but it can cause serious disease in pregnant women and their fetuses.
Hepatitis E is most common in East Africa and parts of South Asia.
The virus that causes hepatitis E is transmitted through the feces of an infected person.
It is typically spread through contaminated food or water. Hepatitis E can also be spread through contact with infected animal feces, such as during contact with livestock or hunting wild game.
The majority of people who get hepatitis E experience only mild symptoms and make a full recovery. However, the virus can cause serious illness in pregnant women and their fetuses. Hepatitis E is responsible for an estimated 20,000 to 40,000 deaths each year, most of which occur in pregnant women and their fetuses.
There is no specific treatment for hepatitis E. Treatment focuses on relieving symptoms and supporting the liver.
Hepatitis E can be prevented by practicing good hygiene and sanitation, such as washing your hands after using the bathroom and before preparing food.
Hepatitis E can also be prevented by avoiding contact with contaminated food or water.
Vaccines are available for people who are at high risk for exposure to the virus, such as travelers to areas where hepatitis E is common.