Anthrax is a disease that affects both humans and animals.
It is caused by a bacterium called Bacillus Anthracis.
Anthrax can be spread through contact with an infected animal, or by eating meat from an infected animal.
Anthrax is also a potential biological weapon.
Anthrax is more common in Africa than in other parts of the world. Anthrax outbreaks have been reported in countries such as Zimbabwe, South Africa, and Benin.
There are three types of Anthrax: Cutaneous, Gastrointestinal, and Inhalation.
- Cutaneous Anthrax is the most common type of Anthrax in Africa. It is caused by contact with Anthrax spores. Symptoms include a raised, itchy lesion on the skin. Treatment includes antibiotics and sometimes surgery.
- Gastrointestinal Anthrax is caused by eating Anthrax-contaminated meat. Symptoms include nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. Treatment includes antibiotics.
- Inhalation Anthrax is the most serious type of Anthrax. It is caused by breathing in Anthrax spores. Symptoms include fever, chest pain, and shortness of breath. Treatment includes antibiotics and hospitalization.