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Speech-Language Pathologist

Description: Speech-Language Pathologists (sometimes called speech therapists) diagnose and treat communication and swallowing disorders.


  • Evaluate the difficulty of speaking or swallowing
  • Create a treatment plan tailored to the needs of the patient
  • Teach patients how to make sounds and improve their voices
  • Utilize treatment techniques to strengthen swallowing muscles 
  • Educate and counsel individuals on dealing with their condition

Interested in becoming a Speech-Language Pathologist? Click here to learn more.


  • Requires a Bachelor’s Degree (typically in communication sciences and disorders)
    • Includes coursework in linguistics, phonetics, psychology, audiology, and anatomy
  • Must earn a Master’s Degree in Speech Pathology
    • Includes coursework in language development, age-specific speech disorders, alternative communication methods, and swallowing disorders
    • Requires 400 hours of supervised clinical experience
  • Pass the Praxis exam to receive the ASHA (American Speech-Language-Hearing Association) Certificate of Clinical Competence in Speech-Language Pathology

Salary: $79,530 (annual mean wage in Pennsylvania)

Work Environment: Schools, therapy centers, hospitals, nursing care facilities

Job Outlook: Expected to increase 18% from 2016 to 2026

(Source: https://www.bls.gov/ooh/healthcare/speech-language-pathologists.htm)